Many places to explore granting childcare subsidies, experts: the effect of the policy needs 3 years to show

2022-08-12 0 By

Assuming the government subsidizes 1000 yuan per month (from birth to 3 years old), are you willing to have a second/third child?Recently, a question in the questionnaire of raising cost for infants under 3 years old in Zhejiang province has aroused concern.This survey is an online survey conducted in Zhejiang province to deeply understand the cost of raising infants under 3 years old and provide scientific support for the government to formulate relevant fertility policies. The questionnaire has been completed.In addition to Zhejiang Province, the Health Commission of Hainan province also conducted a questionnaire on birth policy recently. In terms of birth subsidy, it also asked “are you willing to have a second child or a third child if the subsidy is 500 yuan per month for a second child or a third child?”For more exploration parenting handouts are leading the practice of issuing questionnaires, renmin university of China institute of population and social demography department at last February 16, in an interview with surging news pointed out that questionnaire is necessary for infant and young child rearing cost, is also a science, can have anticipation to policy implementation effect, convenient accurate ShiCe follow-up at the same time.However, Yang Fan also said that at present, all regions are exploring active measures to support fertility, a single child care subsidy policy is difficult to achieve the role of encouraging fertility, but also need a series of combination of child care services, family subsidies and so on, to make the policy effect more obvious.At present, many places are exploring their own fertility support policies, and it will take three years to show the effect.In fact, some places have taken the lead in exploring the issue of child subsidies to encourage childbirth.Last year, Panzhihua, in Sichuan province, became the first city in China to offer childcare subsidies to families with two or three children, with a monthly subsidy of 500 yuan for each child up to the age of three.Sichuan province people’s government of panzhihua. Vice mayor Xu Junfeng on January 20, at a regular press conference country WeiJianWei responded that panzhihua according to actual introduced targeted stronger policy, for eligible families, child care subsidies can subsidies of 500 yuan each month, although money is not much, but can solve part of the “milk powder money”.According to this standard, a two-child family can get 36,000 yuan for three years, which is unprecedented in the past.Zhejiang’s GDP exceeded 7 trillion yuan last year, ranking fourth in China, with per capita GDP of 113,661 yuan ($17,600), according to 2021 GDP data released by the province.In Yang fan’s opinion, local fertility policies are closely related to local economic development. Whether the child-rearing subsidy is 500 yuan or 1,000 yuan, it should be linked to local residents’ income level.”Five hundred yuan may make a difference for some people, but for others it doesn’t feel like a very high amount.”Yang fan said it should be based on the financial affordability of each region and the average income level of local residents.Will the expenditure of child care subsidy have an impact on local public expenditure such as health care and education?In Yang fan’s opinion, the impact will not be great, because after all, the number of people who receive childcare subsidies is very limited, and the level of payment is not very high.Yang fan believes that allocating a part of the budget to support childbirth is the key to reflect the role of government policy.”Childbearing is a positive externality for the whole society. The whole society should be mobilized to support such a policy, so there is no need to worry too much.”Yang Fan told thepaper.cn.Yang Fan believes that it is very necessary and scientific to conduct a questionnaire survey before exploring the child-rearing subsidy policies in Zhejiang and Hainan.The questions in the questionnaire of the cost of raising infants under 3 years old in Zhejiang province also included the reasons for respondents to choose and rank their reluctance to have a second child or a third child, and whether they need to pay labor fees for grandparents who take care of infants, covering various situations such as infant care expenses, education expenses, medical expenses and insurance expenses.”If we do not investigate, we will be making policies with a black eye.”Yang fan told thepaper.cn that doing such a questionnaire can at least give an idea of the effect of the policy.It can also distinguish which groups the policy will have an effect on, and the effect on which groups can be found out clearly, so as to facilitate the accurate implementation of policies in the future.At the same time, such investigation can also provide scientific basis for policy adjustment in the future.Many rich countries with low fertility rates have experimented with child-care subsidies.How effective are foreign child-care subsidies?What experiences are worth learning?Last on surging news, due to different national historical background, policy environment, economic development level, social culture have bigger difference, and each country’s specific policies and implementation of time also is different, so the child allowance policy effect is hard to say it in a unified evaluation, but it is able to observe to rely on a single policy is hard work.”In some countries where the policy has been effective, it must be a combination of providing childcare services and subsidies to families. Only by working together can the policy be more effective.”The last said.Both Zhejiang and Sichuan Panzhihua have begun to explore their own paths in supporting fertility measures.Cao Qifeng, deputy director of Zhejiang Provincial Health Commission, said at a regular press conference of the National Health Commission on January 20 that zhejiang province will extend maternity leave for 60 days for the first child and 90 days for the second and third children on the basis of maternity leave provided by the state.Within the second year of their child’s birth, each husband and wife will enjoy 10 days’ parental leave each year.In addition to maternity leave benefits guaranteed by the maternity fund, other holidays wages, bonuses and other welfare benefits will be issued as usual.Children of families with two or more children in the same kindergarten, primary school, middle school (kindergarten).We will fully integrate trusteeship services into community and rural planning and development.We will improve the mechanism for rationing government-subsidized housing, give preference to families with more than one child, and increase the amount of housing provident fund loans for families with three children and give priority to loans.Sichuan province panzhihua city has made a combination of measures to optimize the birth policy.Xu Junfeng, deputy mayor of Panzhihua City people’s government, introduced the basic maternity leave 98 days, sichuan province to extend the maternity leave 60 days and each birth of a child to increase the maternity leave of 15 days, and grant birth allowance, to solve the treatment problem during maternity leave.Eligible families can receive a subsidy of 500 yuan per month.Health care centers for women and children have been built so that women of the right age can receive high-quality health services, including free delivery services for pregnant women in hospital. The problem of delivery costs can be solved through reimbursement of medical insurance and financial support.By increasing the number of nursery beds, the problem that young parents do not have time to take care of their children is solved.According to Yang, different regions have their own fertility support policies, some are maternity leave, some are maternity funds, some are maternity services, and each region will have its own priorities to explore.How to evaluate the effect of local policies?Yang Fan believes that the most obvious is the change in people’s fertility intention and fertility behavior, which can be directly observed after a period of time.Yang fan also said that it will take three years for local policies to show results.”It does not mean that people will have children immediately after the policy comes out. It takes a period of time, but three years will be able to observe people’s relatively complete reaction to the policy.”