“Ecology” look!This is the paradise of yunnan golden monkeys

2022-05-03 0 By

Baima snow mountain national nature reserve is located in the diqing Tibetan autonomous prefecture is the core of the world natural heritage “three parallel rivers region” hinterland, across the Yangtze river and lancang river valley, and a total area of 281640 square kilometers, which is mainly composed of rhinopithecus bieti rare wild animals and their habitats in forest ecosystem, geological relics, such as plate collision zone as its main protected objects.Established in 1983, the reserve has grown into the largest yunnan snub-nosed monkey reserve in the world. It is the first place to study yunnan snub-nosed monkey and also a cluster of abies species.The nature reserve is one of the 34 hotspots for biodiversity conservation in the world.When the reserve was established, the number of golden monkeys was estimated at less than 500;In 1995, about 800 to 1,000 birds were surveyed;In 2004, there were about 1,200;In 2010, the number was about 1,500.At present, the number of golden monkeys in the reserve has reached more than 2,300, accounting for more than 70 percent of the national population, and the population is steadily increasing.”I’ve been getting up earlier and going to bed later than monkeys for 15 years.”Yu Xiaode, a villager who lives in The Xiangguqing group in Tacheng Village, Lisu Autonomous County, said, “In addition to observing the changes of the monkeys, we also advise people to protect the ecological environment. Sometimes, we also cooperate with researchers and volunteers to conduct research and record the monkeys’ behaviors, such as movements, diet, status changes and reproduction.”There are 28 people with multiple identities, including monkey guards, rangers and forest rangers, like Yu xiaode. Most of them live in Tacheng Village’s Xiangguqing group.Xiangguqing is located in the Yunnan golden monkey Reserve in Baima Snow Mountain. It is the only “window” for humans to observe the wild Yunnan golden monkey population closely. More than 10 scientific research and conservation institutions are working here.Villager Yu Jianhua, 69, has been with the group for 28 years.”Twenty years ago, yunnan golden monkeys lived in high-altitude areas. At first, they ran away from people. It took them more than 10 years to establish ‘friendship’ with the monkeys.When the reserve was first built, villagers’ awareness of protection was not strong, so we went door to door.Through years of efforts, the villagers began to understand and gradually set up a sense of environmental protection.There are now 69 golden monkeys in the park, made up of nine families, each with a ranger.In addition to ensuring the stability of the colony’s living environment, we also observe and record the ecological environment of the colony’s habitat.”When it comes to Ringing Ancient Turnips, Yu Jianhua counts his family treasures.The distance between the villagers of Xiangguqing and the Dianyinsilk monkeys has been narrowing since the monkeys ran away from people in the past and now come down the mountain to forage.”I was very proud when I met people who went up to the mountain to pick herbs several times. They all said that if they continued cutting down trees as before, they might never see such monkeys again.””Yu said.In August 2021, the Xiangguqing group welcomed a new member.”According to the habits of the monkey group, January to May is the baby peak of the monkey group. The baby born on August 20, 2021 is a little late, so we call it ‘late arrival’.””The arrival of ‘Late Lai’ is a happy event for us. It shows that the living conditions and nutrition of the monkeys have improved a lot. It also shows that our work has been effective,” said Yu Xiuzhen, a curator at Yunnan Golden Monkey National Park.During the first 20 years of the reserve, yunnan golden monkeys gave birth only once every two to three years, and the wild population developed very slowly due to the low survival rate of infant monkeys.In recent years, the ecological environment has been greatly improved by raising villagers’ awareness of living in harmony with nature, installing solar energy in their homes, distributing efficient stoves, and cutting down trees to boil water for cooking.At the same time, the publicity of laws and regulations will be increased to improve the awareness of tourists and villagers to protect the ecological environment and wild animals.In addition, scientific research and staff of monkey disease prevention and control, scientific management and other areas of exploration and experience accumulation, so that the number of wild monkey population has been significantly increased.In recent years, DiQingZhou in-depth implementation of natural forest protection, returning farmland to forest, forest tending and other major forestry ecological construction projects, increase the intensity of the afforestation, advance the state of domestic plants and animals protected land ecosystem management and restoration, in particular, the forest coverage rate to 77.63% last year, greatly improve the growth of the wildlife habitats,Creating conditions for biodiversity conservation.”More dense forests are good for the conservation of golden monkeys, which is not only to protect a species, but also to protect an ecological chain and even the entire ecological environment.Take the monkey’s favorite food, the long pine tree on the fir tree, which was only common in the deciduous forests at high altitudes until recently. It can ‘monitor’ the environment and will not survive if it is slightly polluted.Now, as the ecology has improved, the distribution of long pine plants has become more widespread, and the distribution of monkey groups has changed.”Lai Jiandong, head of the rescue station in baima Snow Mountain Nature Reserve, said that from 2009 to 2019, 77 baby monkeys were born in Xiangguqing, and 68 survived, with a survival rate of 88 percent.Weixi area of Baima Snow Mountain Nature Reserve involves more than 40,000 people in 6 towns, 24 administrative villages and 170 villager groups. The transportation here is inconvenient, the production mode is backward, and the villagers are highly dependent on forest resources.In 2009, the staff of the reserve began to explore a new way to build a harmonious nature reserve — community co-management. Through the participation of community people in the management of the reserve, the coordinated development of conservation and community economy and society can be promoted, and finally the effective protection of biodiversity and sustainable utilization of natural resources can be achieved.Let the villagers in the protected areas become the biggest beneficiaries of the resonance between ecological protection and community development.In order to improve the self-development capacity of the community and effectively solve the livelihood problems of the villagers, baima Snow Mountain Nature Reserve Management and Conservation Bureau has carried out a variety of community co-management and ecological protection projects in The Tasheng Town Nature Reserve and 29 surrounding villages (6 in the protected area and 23 in the surrounding area) through self-raised funds and external assistance.Projects to reduce wood use include replacing firewood with white kidney bean straw, distributing barbed wire fences, promoting wood-saving stoves, replacing wood panels with cement tiles, and promoting solar water heaters, street lamps and biogas digesters.”In order to better protect yunnan golden monkeys and their habitat, we have organized various trainings and lectures in the village, such as wildlife identification, the use of infrared cameras, community patrol methods, the inheritance of traditional community culture, the cultivation of Chinese herbal medicine and beekeeping skills, so as to bring in practical skills of villagers.In addition, we organized the villagers to ‘go out’ to explore the way of development, and organized more than 200 groups of villagers from Tacheng Village to learn lessons in Kunming, Dali, Baoshan, Xishuangbanna and other places. Now these villagers have basically become the leaders of getting rich.”Baima Snow Mountain National Nature Reserve Administration weixi branch director Zhong Tai introduced.”In practice, we have learned that community co-management ultimately needs to be led by the community itself, and only by the villagers themselves can we achieve prosperity.”Zhong Tai concluded, “Not only that, as the management department of the reserve, we should continue to pay attention to the development of the community, provide necessary funds, materials, technology and other help for the community, and formulate scientific development plans for the community, formulate corresponding norms and systems, so that the community people can benefit from participating in the process of protection.Only when ecological protection and social and economic development are coordinated and unified, can the management model of community co-management always have vitality.”At present, the ecological, economic and social benefits of community co-management gradually appear.For example, the reserve promoted 36 solar water heaters in Tachengtuo Luoding, which directly reduced the consumption of forest resources by 144 cubic meters every year, saved 720 rural labor and 36,000 yuan of capital.Statement: the copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through the mailbox, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com