The principle of “leveling the world” from the perspective of Yin-yang taiji: good and evil of human nature are also Yin-yang

2022-04-27 0 By

When it comes to the question of “good and evil” of human nature, the Chinese people should have the best say. The discussion on “good and evil” of human nature has gone on for thousands of years, and it can even be said to be the most lasting debate in human history.Throughout history, you will find that thinkers in ancient China formed various schools of thought consciously or unconsciously when discussing the “good and evil” of human nature.There are four main categories: 1. Mencius’ theory of good nature: human beings are born with the four “good ends” of compassion, good and evil, conciliation and right and wrong, which can be expanded and filled to form the good nature of benevolence, righteousness, propriety and wisdom.2. Xunzi’s theory of evil nature: “People’s evil nature, its good false also.”Good nature is artificial.3. The theory of no good and no evil in nature: this includes gongzi’s theory of “no good and no bad in nature”, which holds that “life is nature” and “food and color are nature”.Mohist’s theory of “pure silk” of nature, Mozi believed that “human nature is like pure silk, which is dyed by heaven and yellow.”According to the Taoist theory of “simplicity” of nature, Zhuangzi believed that human beings are naturally ignorant and lustless.According to wang Yangming’s theory of mind in the Ming Dynasty, “There is no goodness and no nausea, and there are good and malicious moves”.4. The theory of good and evil in nature: this includes the theory of good and evil in nature of Shishuo in the pre-Qin Dynasty, the theory of good and evil in nature of Yang Xiong in Han Dynasty, the theory of three kinds of nature of Dong Zhongshu, etc.Xunzi said: “Human nature is evil”;Mencius said, “Human nature is originally good”, but in terms of its historical influence and application of learning, it mainly formed Confucianism based on Mencius’ theory of good nature and legalism based on Xunzi’s theory of evil nature, which has endured through the ups and downs of thousands of years of history and the change of dynasties, and has been highly respected by the rulers of successive dynasties.Seeing this may have some doubt, why two completely opposite statements can be justified, go their own way, but also can stand the test of historical practice?The reason is just as Li Zongwu said in his Novel Houhei: the concepts of good and evil in human nature, public and private, as well as high and low length, all depend on the frame of reference, that is, the position and Angle you stand on.The so-called “horizontal ridge side into a peak, near and far high and low are different.I don’t know the true face of lushan Mountain, but I am in it.”Mount Lushan is still the same mountain. Why can different people see the difference between a mountain when viewed horizontally and a peak when viewed sideways?The answer is as said in The book of Changes: “Benevolence is what the benevolent see, and wisdom is what the wise see.”Heaven and earth cross then Tai;Heaven and earth do not cross, no.In fact, this is the same as the principle of “comprehensive hexagrams” in the Book of Changes, but the book of Changes has classified these different situations caused by different positions into the simplest model system of “The Way of Yin and Yang”.Therefore, in view of the root cause of the problem of good and evil of human nature, we might as well return to the “unity of opposites” of “one Yin and one Yang is called tao”.For example, Mencius’ theory of “goodness of nature” is meant to say that “goodness” comes from the heart, such as the moral concepts of benevolence, justice, propriety and wisdom. “If we seek it, we will get it; if we give it up, we will lose it.”Although people are born with good qualities, they may also lose them after birth, mencius’s argument is very insightful.Practice has also proved what Mencius said is true.Mencius said, “Human nature is originally good,” and Xunzi’s theory of “evil nature” meant that “evil” comes from human instinct, but the gentleman “becomes fake”, “strong learning and seek to have”.That is to say, a person’s innate goodness can be acquired through learning.Our perusal since childhood “embedded” opening “at the beginning of the people, this is good”, in some ways, is also “of” evil human nature “of a proof, because human nature is evil, only need by the embedded the primers to guide the children’s nature, instilled in his righteousness and ethical thought, prevent children astray with by nature.Xun zi yue:”The human nature this evil” from here, we should be easy to see that the so-called “goodness” and “evil”, but they are in the process of seeking an argument target, looking for different “argument”, although the two arguments are distinct two opposite, but they need to discuss the target direction is consistent, that is how to teach people to “good” future generations,In this sense, the goals of their discourse are not relative, but opposite.That is to say, both Mencius and Xunzi are seeking the way of human being “to be good”, but at the beginning of the argument, they stand on different starting points, Mencius’s starting point is “human being is good from mind”, Xunzi’s starting point is “human being is evil from instinct”.Therefore, the so-called “good and evil” debate of human nature is actually a debate about whether “benefiting others first” or “benefiting oneself first” in human behavior psychology. Egoism is instinct, altruism is sociality.The more selfish people are, the more beastly they are. The bad people are just more selfish than the good people.The more selfless people are, the more social they are. Good people are not selfless, but they limit their selfishness with morality and self-restraint.To put it plainly, it is the problem of the “Yin and Yang” which all things follow. The “good” in human terms is the same as the “Yang” in heaven and earth. It is mainly characterized by vigorous movement, outward expansion, upward, warm, bright, and all the active germinal movements.From the point of view of human beings, the “evil” refers to the negative from the point of view of heaven and earth, which is mainly characterized by all the negative and passive trends of extinction movement, such as relative stillness, internal contraction, descent, cold, gloomy, etc. This is an unavoidable and unavoidable objective reality.The so-called “high man” is a person who can form a system of his own to view things by himself, to view people by people, human nature has good and evil, to view things by things, to measure people by heaven, then human nature only Yin and Yang, so speaking realistically, standing in a higher perspective of heaven and earth and the universe, good and evil of human nature are Yin and Yang, and also follow the law of “life and death”.This is the concrete practice of the law of unity of opposites of “The tao of Yin and Yang” in human nature, but also the practice of the hierarchical management mode of “Law, Confucianism and Taoism” in Lao Zi’s Tao Te Ching.Therefore, we can not simply treat the problem of “good and evil of human nature” in the way of human separation, but should stand on the opposite unity of “one Yin and one Yang is tao” to treat the nature of “good and evil of human nature” as a whole.The previous: look from the Yin and Yang tai chi from the “flat world” principle: everything in the world of Yin and Yang, inverse shun born dead author | east dawning introduction: easy to ten years, once the enlightenment, original “easy solution to the old, old solution of” Chinese learning and new philosophy system.Dedicated to the I Ching and Tao Te Ching system of the framework of the founder